تأثیر یک دوره تمرینات مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر سطوح سرمی پرپتین و مقاومت به انسولین مردان مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد محلات، محلات، ایران

2 . استاد، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد محلات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد محلات، محلات، ایران

3 مربی گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

چکیده

هدف این تحقیق، برررسی تأثیر تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر سطوح سرمی پرپتین و شاخص مقاومت به انسولین در مردان مبتلا به دیابت نوع2 بود. پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه‌تجربی است. نمونة آماری پژوهش 24 مرد مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2 با میانگین و انحراف معیار (سن 25/3±1/39سال، قد 85/4± 8/173 سانتی‌متر و وزن 89/12±80 کیلوگرم) بودند که به‌صورت تصادفی به دوگروه 12نفری تجربی و کنترل تقسیم شدند.آزمودنی‌های گروه تجربی 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای را 3 جلسه در هفته به مدت 60 دقیقه با شدت 50 تا 80 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه اجرا کردند. پیش و پس از 8 هفته تمرین، سطوح سرمی پرپتین، شاخص مقاومت به انسولین (HOMA-IR)، گلوکز ناشتا و انسولین اندازه‌گیری شد. برای بررسی تغییرات درون‌گروهی از آزمونt  همبسته و تفاوت بین‌گروهی از آزمون t مستقل استفاده شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS (نسخة 22) استفاده شد. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده در سطح معناداری کمتر از 05/0 بررسی شد. تغییرات درون‌گروهی نشان داد، 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای موجب کاهش معنادار سطوح پرپتین، شاخص مقاومت به انسولین (HOMA-IR)، گلوکز ناشتا و انسولین (0001/0P=) نسبت به گروه کنترل دیابتی شد. همچنین در مقایسة بین‌گروهی تمرینات مقاومتی دایره‌ای موجب کاهش معنادار در سطوح پرپتین، شاخص مقاومت به انسولین (HOMA-IR)، گلوکز ناشتا (0001/0P=) و انسولین (001/0P=) نسبت به گروه کنترل دیابتی شد. یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان داد تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای سطوح پرپتین، شاخص مقاومت به انسولین، گلوکز ناشتا و انسولین را در افراد مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2 کاهش می‌دهد. بنابراین به‌نظر می‌رسد این نوع تمرین می‌تواند برای بیماران دیابتی نوع2 مفید باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of a period of circular resistance training on serum perptin levels and insulin resistance in men with type 2 diabetes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hojjat Miladi Ghomi 1
  • bahram abedi 2
  • sajad ramezani 3
1 Master of Sports Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat Branch, Mahallat, Iran 2. Professor
2 . Professor, Department of Physical Education, Mahallat Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahallat, Iran
3 Instructor, Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of circular resistance training on serum peptin levels and insulin resistance index in men with type 2 diabetes. The present study is quasi-experimental. The statistical sample of this study consisted of 20 men with type 2 diabetes with mean and standard deviation of age 39.1 3 3.25 years, height 173.8 85 4.85 cm weight 80 ± 12.89 kg which were randomly divided into two groups of 12 people. Experimental and control were divided. Experiments in the experimental group performed 8 weeks of circular resistance training three sessions per week with an intensity of 50 to 80% of a maximum repetition. Before and after 8 weeks of exercise, serum levels of peptin, insulin resistance index, fasting glucose and insulin were measured. Correlated t-test and independent t-test were used to examine intragroup changes. Intragroup changes showed that 8 weeks of circular resistance training significantly reduced levels of peptin, insulin resistance index, fasting glucose and insulin (P = 0.0001) compared to the diabetic control group. Also, in the comparison between groups, circular resistance training caused a significant decrease in levels of peptin, insulin resistance index, fasting glucose (P = 0.0001) and insulin (P = 0.001) compared to the diabetic control group. The findings of this study showed that circular resistance training reduces levels of peptin, insulin resistance index, fasting glucose and insulin in people with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it seems that this type of exercise can be useful for type 2 diabetics.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Circular resistance training
  • diabetes
  • insulin resistance index
  • preptin
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