تأثیر تمرین تناوبی شدید و مکمل کورکومین بر تعداد سلول‌های مویرگی CD31+ و مقدار بیان VEGF و MMP9 بطن چپ موش‌های مدل سکتۀ قلبی ناشی از ایزوپروترنول

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

5 .دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

در این تحقیق تأثیر تمرین تناوبی شدید (HIIT) به‌همراه مصرف کورکومین بر تعداد سلول‌های مویرگی CD31+و مقدار بیان عامل رشد اندوتلیال عروقی (VEGF) و ماتریکس متالوپروتئیناز9 (MMP9)در بطن چپ رت‌های نر مدل سکتۀ قلبی حاد بررسی شد. پس از القای سکتۀ قلبی با ایزوپرترنول، تعداد 40 سر رت نر به چهار گروه شامل تمرین، کورکومین، توأم (شامل تمرین و کورکومین)، کنترل تقسیم شدند. کورکومین روزانه 15 میلی‌گرم به ازای هر کیلوگرم وزن بدن به‌صورت گاواژ خوراکی استفاده شد. تمرین HIIT به مدت 8 هفته (5 روز در هفته) شامل 60 دقیقه دویدن تناوبی (4 دقیقه دویدن با شدت 90-85 درصد VO2max و 2 دقیقه ریکاوری فعال با شدت 60 – 50 درصد) انجام گرفت. یافته‌ها نشان داد تمرین HIIT در هر دو گروه (تمرین و توأم) موجب افزایش معنادار مقدار بیان پروتئین VEGF بطن چپ شد (001/0=P)، درحالی‌که کورکومین تأثیر معنادار نداشت (05/0<P). فقط کورکومین (در هر دو گروه کورکومین و توأم) موجب کاهش معنادار بیان پروتئین MMP9 بطن چپ شد (001/0=P)، درحالی‌که هر سه مداخله موجب افزایش معنادار تعداد سلول‌های CD31+ مویرگ‌های بطن چپ شدند (001/0=P) که از این لحاظ، اثر تمرین نسبت به کورکومین (001/0=P) و همچنین اثر توأم به‌طور معناداری بیشتر از اثر کورکومین و تمرین بود (001/0=P). نتایج نشان داد هر سه مداخله شامل کورکومین، تمرین و توأم در تکثیر مویرگی پس از سکته دخالت دارند. اما به‌نظر می‌رسد که رشد مویرگی ناشی از کورکومین از مسیرهای مستقل از VEGF نیز رخ می‌دهد. اما هنوز نقش دقیق کاهش MMP9 ناشی از کورکومین مشخص نیست و به‌دلیل محدودیت‌های تحقیق، به تحقیقات بیشتری نیاز است. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of HIIT and Curcumin Supplementation on CD31+ Capillary Cell Count and the Expression of VEGF and MMP9 of Left Ventricle in Isoproterenol Induced Myocardial Infraction Model Rats

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Alabaf yousefi 1
  • Roghayeh Pouzesh Jadidi 2
  • JABBAR BASHIRI 3
  • Karim Azali Alamdari 4
  • Javad Vakili 5
1 PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
4 . Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
5 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

The effects of high intensity interval training (HIIT) and curcumin supplementation on CD31+ capillary cell count and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) in left ventricle (LV) of male rats in the model of myocardial infraction were determined in this study. 40 male rats were divided into four groups: HIIT, curcumin, concomitant (HIIT+CUR) and control following isoproterenol induced myocardial infarction. Curcumin was administered through oral gavage as 15 mg/kgbw/day. HIIT was performed for 8 weeks, 5 sessions a week and included 60 minutes of interval running (4 min. of running with the intensity of 85-90% of VO2max and 2 min. of active recovery with the intensity of 50-60%). The results showed that HIIT in both HIIT and concomitant groups significantly increased LV VEGF protein expression (P=0.001) while no effect was noted for curcumin (P>0.05). Only curcumin significantly reduced (P=0.001) LV MMP9 protein expression (in both curcumin and concomitant groups). All three interventions significantly increased LV CD31+ capillary cell count (P=0.001). A significantly greater effect was noted for HIIT than curcumin (P=0.001) and for concomitant than both HIIT and curcumin (P=0.001). The results showed that all three interventions including curcumin, HIIT and concomitant were involved in capillary proliferation following infraction; however, curcumin induced capillary growth seems to occur through paths independent of VEGF as well. But the exact function of MMP9 down-regulation induced by curcumin is still unclear and more research is required because of the study limitations.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • angiogenesis
  • Curcumin
  • high intensity interval training
  • infraction
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