تأثیر تمرین هوازی و مقاومتی همراه با مصرف متفاوت متادون بر فیبرینوژن و نیمرخ لیپیدی مردان معتاد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری،گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشکده ادبیات ،علوم انسانی و اجتماعی،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزش، استادیار گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشکده ادبیات، علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

3 ،دانشیار و هیات علمی دانشکده تربیت بدنی ،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکز، تهران، ایران

4 دکترای فیزیولوژی ورزش ،استادیار و هیات علمی گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی ، دانشکده ادبیات ،علوم انسانی و اجتماعی،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

چکیده

استفادة مفید از داروها مثل متادون همراه با تمرینات ورزشی می‌تواند سطح سلامتی را بهبود بخشد. هدف از این مطالعه، مقایسة اثر تمرینات متفاوت همراه با مصرف متادون بر فیبرینوژن و نیمرخ لیپیدی مردان معتاد بود. بدین‌منظور 90 مرد معتاد (3 /4 ±8/36 سال) تحت درمان در زندان به‌صورت تصادفی به شش گروه 15 نفره تقسیم شدند: کنترل، معتادان گمنام یا NA، تمرین هوازی+متادون، تمرین هوازی+کاهش متادون، تمرین مقاومتی+متادون، تمرین مقاومتی+کاهش متادون. گروه‌های تجربی تمرین را به مدت 12 هفته و 3 جلسه در هفته اجرا کردند. تمرین هوازی شامل 4 تا 8 ست 3 دقیقه‌ای با 90-80 درصد ضربان قلب بیشینه روی دوچرخة کارسنج بود. تمرین مقاومتی با 12 تکرار و 3 ست 70 تا 85 درصد یک تکرار بیشینه بود. دادها با نرم‌افزار SPSS و تحلیل واریانس چندگانه (MANOVA) و آزمون تعقیبی توکی در سطح معنا‌داری (05/0P≤) تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها نشان داد میزان لیپوپروتیین پرچگال (HDL) خون در گروه‌های تمرین نسبت به گروه کنترل با افزایش معنا‌دار (0001/0P≤) همراه بود. همچنین سطوح لیپوپروتیین کم‌چگال )005/0P≤)، تری‌گلیسرید (008/0P≤)، کلسترول تام (014/0 P≤) و فیبرینوژن (0001/0P≤)در گروه‌های تمرینی نسبت به گروه کنترل با کاهش معنا‌داری همراه بود. همچنین تأثیر تمرین هوازی نسبت به تمرین مقاومتی در تمامی متغیرهای اندازه‌گیری‌شده بیشتر بود.نتایج نشان داد تمرین ورزشی منظم به‌ویژه از نوع هوازی و مقاومتی همراه با کاهش مصرف متادون تأثیر مطلوبی بر عوامل التهابی و در نهایت سلامتی و تندرستی افراد معتاد دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of aerobic and resistance training with different dose of Methadone on fibrinogen and lipid profile in addicted men

نویسندگان [English]

  • rasoul chegol 1
  • Mandana gholami 2
  • hasanhasan Matinhomaee 3
  • hosein abednatanzi 4
  • farshad ghazalian 4
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 . Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences,
3 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background and Aim: Effective use of medications as methadone with exercise training can facilitate the development of healthy. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different training with methadone on fibrinogen and lipid profile of addicted men.
Methodology: 90 addicted men are treated in prison (36.8 ± 4.3yrs) were randomly divided into six groups (n=15): control, Narcotics Anonymous(NA), aerobic training + methadone, aerobic training + methadone reduction, resistance training + methadone, Resistance training + methadone reduction. Experimental groups performed training for 12 weeks, three sessions in week. Aerobic training consisted of 4 to 8 sets, 3-min at 80–90 % maximum heart rate (HRmax) on a cycle ergometer. Resistance training performed with 8 to 12 repetitions, 3 sets and 70-85% one repetition maximum(1RM). Data were analyzed by SPSS software and Multiple analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Tukey post hoc test at the significant level (P≤0.05).
Results: The high-density lipoproteins (HDL) level of blood in the training groups was significantly increased (P≤00001) compared to the control group. Also, low-density lipoproteins (LDL, P≤0.005), Triglycerides (TG, P≤0/008), Total Cholesterol (P≤0/014 and fibrinogen (P≤00001) levels were significantly reduced in the training groups compared to the control group. Also, the aerobic training groups had a greater effect of all the measured variables than the resistance training.
Conclusion: regular exercise, especially aerobic and resistance exercises with a reduction in methadone has a favorable effect on inflammatory factors and ultimately the health of addicted people

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aerobic and Resistance training"
  • " Fibrinogen"
  • " Lipid profile "
  • " Methadone
  • "Withdrawal addiction
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