نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

تمرینات تناوبی شدید و محدودیت جریان خون سبب ایجاد تغییرات فیزیولوژیکی زیادی ‌ در ورزشکاران می‌شود. هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثر 4 هفته تمرینات تناوبی شدید همراه با محدودیت جریان خون بر آمادگی قلبی عروقی و سایتوکاین‌های التهابی اینترلوکین-6 و اینترلوکین-17 در دانشجویان مرد جوان فعال بود. 18 دانشجوی فعال شهر تهران با دامنة سنی 20 تا 30 سال به‌صورت نمونه‌گیری در دسترس به سه گروه 1. تمرین به همراه محدودیت جریان خون، 2. تمرین و 3. محدودیت جریان خون تقسیم شدند. آزمودنی‌ها تمرین به‌همراه محدودیت جریان خون را به مدت 4 هفته و 3جلسه در هفته اجرا کردند. نمونه‌های خونی، پیش و پس از آزمون به‌صورت ناشتا گرفته شد. براساس نتایج تمرینات ورزشی به‌همراه محدودیت جریان خون سبب ایجاد تغییرات معناداری در مقدار Vo2max یا vVo2max در گروه‌های پژوهش نشده است. با توجه به نتایج، آزمون‌های آماری در مورد میزان اینترلوکین 6 و اینترلوکین 17 در حالت استراحت بین گروه‌ها متفاوت بود. میزان این دو شاخص در گروه تمرین با دو گروه تفاوت معناداری را نشان داد (05/0>P). IL-6 در گروه تمرین به‌تنهایی، کاهش یافته و میزان IL-17 افزایش داشته است. کاهش میزان سایتوکاین التهابی IL-6 در حالت استراحت در گروه تمرین می‌تواند نشان‌دهندة کاهش نسبی میزان استرس در این گروه باشد. از سوی دیگر، کاهش مقادیر اینترلوکین-17 در گروه‌های محدودیت جریان خون را شاید بتوان به ضعف نسبی سیستم ایمنی و افت عملکرد سلول‌های T کمکی 17 در این گروه‌ها نسبت داد. 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of 4 Weeks of High Intensity Interval Training with Blood Flow Restriction on Cardiovascular Fitness and Serum Levels of IL-6 and IL-17 Inflammatory Cytokines in Active Young Men

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Safari 1
  • Mahdieh Molanouri Shamsi 2
  • Hamid Agha-Alinejad 2
  • Farzaneh Sinapour 3

1 MSc, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

2 . Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 MSc, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

High intensity interval training and blood flow restriction make huge physiological changes in athletes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 4 weeks of high intensity interval training and blood flow restriction on cardiovascular fitness and inflammatory cytokines of interleukin-6 and interleukin-17 in active male students. 18 active students in Tehran city (age range 20-30 years) were divided into three groups: 1- training and blood flow restriction, 2- training and 3-blood flow restriction by convenience sampling method. The subjects performed high intensity interval training and blood flow restriction for 4 weeks and 3 sessions per week. Fasting blood samples were collected before and after the test. Based on the results, high intensity interval training and blood flow restriction did not significantly change the Vo2max or vVo2max in the groups. According to the results, interleukin-6 and interleukin-17 levels at resting state were different among the groups. These indices showed significant differences in the training group compared with the other two groups (p < 0.05). IL-6 decreased and IL-7 increased in the training group. A decrease in the amount of resting interleukin-6 in the training group can show the relative decrease in the stress of this group. Also, a decrease in the levels of interleukin-17 in blood flow restriction groups may be attributed to the relative weakness of the immune system and the loss of function of T-helper 17 cells in these groups.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • blood flow restriction
  • cytokine
  • high intensity interval training
  • maximal oxygen consumption
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