تأثیر شش هفته تمرین آماده‌سازی بر مبنای بازی در ابعاد کوچک با و بدون انسداد عروق بر برخی از شاخص‌های آمادگی جسمانی دختران بسکتبالیست

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 . دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 . استادیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

تمرینات همراه با انسداد عروق، تمریناتی مفید برای افزایش توان و هایپرتروفی است. هدف از این پژوهش بررسی اثر تمرینات آماده‌سازی بر مبنای بازی در ابعاد کوچک با و بدون انسداد عروق بر برخی از شاخص‌های آمادگی جسمانی دختران بسکتبالیست بود. در این تحقیق 30 بسکتبالیست دختر به‌صورت داوطلب شرکت کردند و به‌صورت تصادفی به سه گروه تمرین در ابعاد کوچک همراه با انسداد عروق (10 نفر)، تمرین در ابعاد کوچک بدون انسداد عروق (10 نفر) و گروه کنترل (10 نفر) تقسیم شدند. برنامۀ تمرین به مدت شش هفته (سه جلسه در هفته) بود. این برنامه شامل 15 تا 28 دقیقه تمرین در زمینی با ابعاد 15×14 و 20 دقیقه تمرین در زمین اصلی بسکتبال بود. در گروه انسداد عروق، قبل از شروع تمرین اصلی، قسمت پروگزیمال هر دو پا با باند الاستیکی بسته شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون ANCOVA در سطح معناداری 05/0 استفاده شد. نتایج حاکی از افزایش معنادار توان عضلات پایین‌تنه در گروه تمرین در ابعاد کوچک همراه با انسداد عروق نسبت به گروه تمرین در ابعاد کوچک و گروه کنترل بود (001/0 = P)، درصورتی‌که بین سه گروه از لحاظ سرعت 10 متر، 20 متر و توان حداکثر تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد، همچنین شاخص توان هوازی در گروه تمرین در ابعاد کوچک همراه با انسداد عروق نسبت به گروه کنترل بهبود معناداری یافت (026/0 = P) و بین گروه تمرین در ابعاد کوچک با گروه تمرین در ابعاد کوچک همراه با انسداد تفاوتی یافت نشد (25/0= P). با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر، به‌منظور بهبود توان عضلات پایین‌تنۀ دختران بسکتبالیست تمرین در ابعاد کوچک همراه با انسداد عروق و برای بهبود توان هوازی، هر دو روش تمرین پیشنهاد می‌شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of 6 Weeks of Conditioning Training Based on Small-Sided Games with and without Vascular Occlusion on Some Physical Fitness Factors in Female Basketball Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • fateme kameshki 1
  • Seyed Alireza Hossini kakhak 2
  • roya askari 3
1 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Training along with vascular occlusion is useful for increasing power and hypertrophy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of conditioning training based on small-sided games with and without vascular occlusion on some physical fitness factors in female basketball players. 30 female basketball players participated in this study voluntarily and randomly divided into three groups: small-sided games with vascular occlusion (n=10), small-sided games without vascular occlusion (n=10) and control (n=10). Training program included 6 weeks, 3 sessions a week and involved 15-28 minutes of training on a court with 15 × 14 dimensions and 20 minutes of training on the basketball court. The proximal portion of both legs of the vascular occlusion group was occluded with elastic band before the beginning of the main training. Data were analyzed using ANCOVA test at significance level of 0.05. The results indicated a significant increase in the power of lower body muscles in small-sided games with vascular occlusion group compared with the small-sided games and control groups (P=0.001) while there was no significant difference among the three groups in 10m and 20m speeds and maximum power. Also, aerobic power index significantly improved in small-sided games with vascular occlusion group compared with the control group (P=0.026). There was no difference between small-sided games and small-sided games with vascular occlusion (P=0.25). According to the results of this study, it is suggested that the small-sided games with vascular occlusion should be employed to improve the power of lower body muscles and both training methods should be used to improve aerobic power in female basketball players.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Female basketball players
  • physical fitness
  • small-sided games
  • vascular occlusion
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