تأثیر مکمل کراتین منوهیدرات به‌همراه ریکاوری‌های داخل و خارج آب طی تمرینات HIIT بر پروتئین واکنشی C، پراکسیداسیون لیپیدی و عملکرد زنان شناگر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، ایران

2 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تعیین تأثیر مکمل کراتین به‌همراه دو نوع ریکاوری داخل و خارج آب بر پروتئین واکنشی c (CRP) و مالوندی آلدئید (MDA) به‌ترتیب به‌عنوان شاخص‌های التهاب سیستمیک و پراکسیداسیون لیپیدی و همچنین رکورد شنا در زنان شناگر تمرین‌کرده بود. در این مطالعۀ نیمه‌تجربی، 16 زن شناگر تمرین‌کرده به‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه ریکاوری فعال داخل و خارج آب تقسیم شدند و شش وهله شنای سرعتی 50 متر با فاصلۀ استراحتی 120 ثانیه‌ای را به‌صورت فعال در داخل و خارج آب در قبل و پس از 6 روز مکمل‌گیری کراتین اجرا کردند. آنالیز واریانس سه‌طرفه نشان داد اجرای 6 وهله شنای سرعتی موجب افزایش معنادار MDAو CRP شد (001/0=P). اگرچه نوع ریکاوری (داخل یا خارج آب) تأثیر معناداری بر MDA و CRP و همین‌طور عملکرد شنای سرعتی نداشت، مصرف مکمل کراتین موجب کاهش معنادار MDA (018/0=P) و بهبود عملکرد شنا (006/0=P) در هر دو گروه ریکاوری شد. به‌نظر می‌رسد که استراتژی ریکاوری تخصصی و غیرتخصصی تأثیری بر مهار التهاب و استرس ناشی از تمرینات HIIT ندارد، اما کاربرد مکمل کراتین می‌تواند استرس سیستمیک ناشی از تمرینات HIIT را کاهش دهد و عملکرد شنای سرعتی راحفظ کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Creatine Monohydrate Supplementation with In-and-Out of Water Recovery during HIIT on C-Reactive Protein, Lipid Peroxidation and Female Swimmers’ Performance

نویسندگان [English]

  • lida babaei 1
  • valiollah dabidi roshan 2
1 MSc of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of creatine supplementation along with two types of recovery (in-and-out of water) on C-reactive protein (CRP) and malondialdehyde (MDA) as systemic inflammatory indices and lipid peroxidation and also swimming record in trained female swimmers. In this semi-experimental study, 16 trained female swimmers were divided randomly into two groups: in-water active recovery and out of water active recovery. They performed 6 bouts of 50m sprint swimming with 120s rest intervals actively in-out of water, in-and-out of water before and after 6 days of creatine supplementation. The three-way analysis of variance showed that 6 bouts of sprint swimming significantly increased MDA and CRP (P=0.001). Although the recovery type (in-and-out of water) had no significant effects on MDA, CRP and sprint swimming performance, creatine supplementation significantly reduced MDA (P=0.018) and improved swimming performance (P=0.006) in both recovery groups. It seems that specialized and non-specialized recovery strategies do not affect inflammation and stress inhibition resulted from HIIT, but creatine supplementation can reduce the systemic stress resulted from HIIT and maintain sprint swimming performance.

 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Creatine supplementation
  • oxidative stress
  • recovery
  • swimming
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