اثر یک دوره تمرین تناوبی استقامتی فزاینده به‌همراه مصرف مکمل خرفه بر شاخص‌های زیستی آنتی‌اکسیدانی و استرس اکسیداتیو در دختران غیرفعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 .دانشیار فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید مدنی آذربایجان، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی و حرکات اصلاحی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

افزایش استرس اکسایشی عامل مهمی در سندروم متابولیک مرتبط با چاقی است و احتمالاً نقش اساسی در پاتوفیزیولوژی بیماری‌های مختلف مثل بیماری‌های قلبی و عروقی دارد. هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته طناب‌زنی و مکمل‌دهی خرفه بر شاخص‌های زیستی آنتی‌اکسیدانی SOD، GPX ،TAC و بر شاخص پراکسیداسیون لیپیدی MDA در دختران غیرفعال بود. در این مطالعه نیمه‌تجربی 40 دختر دارای اضافه وزن و چاق (میانگین شاخص تودۀ بدنی 72/0± 05/27 و دامنۀ سنی20 تا 25 سال) از بین افراد واجد شرایط به‌طور تصادفی انتخاب و در چهار گروه دارونما (10 نفر)، مکمل (10 نفر)، تمرین (10 نفر) و تمرین+مکمل (10 نفر) قرار گرفتند. تمرین شامل طناب زنی به‌صورت چهار جلسه در هفته و هر جلسه 45 دقیقه و مصرف مکمل روزانه 1200میلی‌گرم خرفه به مدت هشت هفته بود. متغیرهای مورد مطالعه به روش الایزا اندازه‌گیری شد. تحلیل آماری داده‌ها به‌وسیلۀ آزمون تحلیل واریانس در سطح معناداری 05/0>P انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان داد مقادیر MAD در گروه‌های تمرین+ مکمل و تمرین کاهش معنادار (01/0P=، 001/0(P= وSOD، GPX و TAC در گروه‌های تمرین، مکمل و تمرین+مکمل افزایش معنادار داشت [SOD: (001/0 P=، 03/0p= و 001/0(P=، GPX: (02/0P= ، 007/0P= ، 004/0(P=، TAC: (02/0P= ، 01/0P= ، 001/0(P=].به‌نظر می‌رسد تمرین استقامتی تناوبی فزاینده به‌صورت طناب‌زنی به‌همراه مصرف مکمل خرفه می‌تواند موجب بهبود وضعیت سیستم آنتی‌اکسیدانی و کاهش آسیب اکسایشی ‌شود و احتمالاً در جلوگیری از بیماری‌های قلبی و عروقی مؤثر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Incremental Interval Endurance Training with Portulaca Supplementation on the Antioxidant Biological Indices and Oxidative Stress in Non-active Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bahloul Ghorbanian 1
  • saberi yousef 2
1 Associate Professor of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology and Corrective Movements, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

Increasing oxidative stress is a major factor in metabolic syndrome associated with obesity and may play a major role in the pathophysiology of various diseases such as cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of rope training with portulaca supplementation on antioxidant biological indices (SOD, TAC, GPX) and lipid peroxidation index (MDA) in non-active girls. In this quasi-experimental study, 40 overweight and obese girls (mean BMI=27.05 ± 0.72, age range=20-25 yr) were selected from qualified subjects and randomly assigned to four groups: placebo (n=10), supplement (n=10), training (n=10) and training+supplement (n=10). The training program included 8 weeks of rope training (four sessions per week and 45 minutes each session), and daily supplementation of 1200 mg portulaca for 8 weeks. The variables were measured by ELISA method. The data were analyzed by ANOVA test at a significance level (P<0.05). The results showed that the amounts of MAD in training+supplement and training groups decreased significantly (P=0.01, P=0.001) and SOD, GPX and TAC increased significantly in training, supplement and training+supplement groups [SOD (P=0.001, P=0.03, P=0.001), GPX (P=0.02, P=0.007, P=0.004), TAC (P=0.02, P=0.01, P=0.001) respectively]. It seems that incremental interval endurance training as rope training along with portulaca supplementation can improve the status of antioxidant system and reduce oxidative damage and may influence preventing cardiovascular diseases.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Non-active girls
  • physiological response
  • portulaca oleracea supplementation
  • rope training
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