تأثیر دوازده هفته تمرینات مقاومتی – توانی با بارهای مختلف بر کارکردهای عضلانی و عملکردی بازیکنان فوتبال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش مرکز آموزش عالی کاشمر،کاشمر، ایران

2 استاد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر دوازده هفته تمرینات مقاومتی – توانی با بارهای مختلف بر کارکردهای عضلانی و عملکردی بازیکنان فوتبال نخبه است. بدین منظور ۳۶ آزمودنی از چهار دانشگاه و به روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی به سه گروه مساوی شامل گروه ۱، تمرینات مقاومتی- توانی با ۷۰-۶۰ درصد 1RM، گروه ۲، تمرینات مقاومتی- توانی با ۸۰-۷۰ درصد 1RM، گروه ۳، تمرینات مقاومتی – توانی با ۹۰-۸۰ درصد 1RM تقسیم شدند. برنامۀ تمرینات مقاومتی – توانی شامل شش حرکت بود که به مدت دوازده هفته (هر هفته سه جلسه) برای تمام گروه­ها اجرا شد. نتایج نشان داد که بار سنگین موجب افزایش معنا‌داری در قدرت عضلانی پایین‌تنه نسبت به بار سبک شد. بار سنگین و متوسط موجب افزایش معنا‌داری در توان بی‌هوازی پایین‌تنه نسبت به بار سبک شد و بار سنگین کاهش معنا‌داری را در زمان دو ۲۰ متر، ۳۰ متر و زمان آزمون هاف نسبت به بارهای سبک و متوسط نشان داد و بین سایر بارها تفاوت معنا‌داری مشاهده نشد. در دو ۱۰ متر سرعت و توان انفجاری نیز تفاوت معنا­داری مشاهده نشد. پیشنهاد می‌شود بازیکنان فوتبال برای بهبود کارکردهای عضلانی و عملکردی خود از تمرینات مقاومتی– توانی با بار ۹۰-۸۰ درصد 1RM استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of 12 Weeks of Strength-Power Training with Different Loads on Muscular and Performing Functions in Soccer Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali asghar mazani 1
  • Mohammad reza Hamedineya 2
  • Amir hossain Haghighi 3
  • Nosratollah Hedayatipour 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Kashmar Higher Education Institute, Kashmar, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Bojnord University, Bojnord, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of 12 weeks of strength-power training with different loads on muscular and performing functions in elite soccer players. 36 subjects from 4 universities were randomly divided into 3 equal groups: group 1 (strength-power training with 60-70% of 1RM), group 2 (strength-power training with 70-80% of 1RM) and group 3 (strength - power training with 80-90% of 1RM). Strength-power training program included 6 movements which were performed for 12 weeks (3 sessions per week) for all groups. Results showed that heavy load significantly increased muscular strength of lower body compared with the light load. The heavy and intermediate loads significantly increased anaerobic power of lower body compared with the light load. The heavy load significantly decreased the time of 20 and 30 meter run and Hoff test compared with the light and intermediate loads. No significant differences were observed in other loads. Also, there were no significant differences in the 10 meter sprint and explosive power. It is suggested that soccer players should use strength- power training with the load of 80-90% of 1RM to improve their muscular and performing functions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • different loads
  • muscular and performing functions
  • soccer player
  • strength-power training
 

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