تأثیر یک دوره تمرین هوازی منتخب روی برخی عوامل فیزیولوژیکی بیماران مبتلا به میگرن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشیار دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 استاد دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی دانشگاه اصفهان

4 استاد دانشکدۀ پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان

چکیده

میگرن عبارت است از حمله‌های مکرر سردرد که به‌طور معمول یکطرفه و با اختلال پیچیدۀ عصبی-عروقی و تحریک همزمان مسیر‌های درد اعصاب حسی ترژمینال همراه است. هدف از تحقیق حاضر بررسی تأثیر یک دوره تمرین هوازی منتخب روی برخی عوامل فیزیولوژیکی بیماران مبتلا به میگرن بود. آزمودنی‌های تحقیق 22 زن مبتلا به میگرن، در دامنۀ سنی 22 تا 53 سال بودند که به شکل دردسترس و غیرتصادفی در دو گروه تجربی (13 نفر) و کنترل (9 نفر) قرار گرفتند. گروه تجربی علاوه‌بر درمان دارویی به مدت دوازده هفته، سه جلسۀ هفتگی در تمرینات منتخب شامل فعالیت روی نوارگردان، و دوچرخۀ کارسنج به مدت 35 تا60 دقیقه و با شدت50 تا 75 درصد حداکثر ضربان قلب شرکت داشتند. گروه کنترل تحت درمان دارویی، اما غیرفعال، و صرفاً در پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون شرکت داشتند. تحلیل آماری داده‌ها نشان داد که پروتکل تمرینی موجب کاهش معنادار شدت سردرد، سطوح CGRP، درصد چربی؛ و افزایش معناداری در استقامت قلبی- عروقی گروه تجربی شد (05/0>P). شدت سردرد از 23/34 به 30/14 مورد کاهش، سطوح CGRP از50/53 به 45/48 درصد در پس‌آزمون کاهش، درصد چربی از 45/31 درصد به 25/25 درصد کاهش، و استقامت قلبی- عروقی از 81/24 به 81/41 میلی‌لیتر/کیلوگرم/ وزن بدن افزایش نشان داد. نتیجه‌گیری می شود که احتمالاً می‌توان از تمرینات هوازی به‌عنوان یک روش درمانی مکمل در کنار سایر درمان‌های دارویی برای بیماران مبتلا به میگرن استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of a Selected Aerobic Exercise on Some Physiological Factors in Patients with Migraine

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fereshte Karimi 1
  • Vazgen Minasian 2
  • Mohamad Marandi 3
  • Ahmad Chitsaz 4
1 M.Sc. Student, Sport Sciences Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan
2 Associate Professor, Sport Sciences Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
3 Professor, Sport Sciences Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
4 Professor, Medical Faculty, Isfahan University of Medical sciences, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Migraine is defined as a recurrent headache that is usually unilateral and associated with a complex neurovascular disorder and concurrent stimulation of pain pathways of trigeminal sensory nerves.The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a selected aerobic exercise on some physiological factors in patients with migraine. 22 women with migraine (their age range 22 -53 years) were non-randomly divided into experimental (n=13) and control (n=9) groups. In addition to medical treatment, the experimental group participated in a selected exercise including 35-60 min. on a treadmill and ergometer bicycle with 50-75% HRmax, 3 sessions per week for 12 weeks. The control group received medical treatment but they were inactive and only participated in pretest and posttest. Data analysis showed that the protocol significantly reduced headache severity, CGRP and fat percentage, and significantly increased cardiovascular endurance of the experimental group (P˂0.05). Headache severity decreased from 34.23 to 14.30, CGRP decreased from 53.50 to 48.45% in posttest, fat percentage decreased from %31.45 to %25.25 and cardiovascular endurance increased from 24.81 to 41.81 ml/kg/bw. It was concluded that in line with other medical treatments, aerobic exercise may be used as a supplementary medical treatment in patients with migraine.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aerobic exercise
  • CGRP
  • migraine

 

 

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