نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی Released under CC BY 4.0 license I Open Access I

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، فیزیولوژی ورزش،دانشکده تربیت بدنی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، واحد کنگاور، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران

10.22059/jsb.2022.329658.1484

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر برخی سایتوکاین‌های التهابی، فشار خون و مقاومت به انسولین در زنان چاق مبتلا به پیش - پرفشار خونی انجام گرفت. به این منظور 24 زن چاق مبتلا به پیش-پرفشار خونی (با میانگین سن 43/4±73/44سال، شاخص تودۀ بدن 8/3±39/32 کیلوگرم بر مجذور متر، سطح  فشار خون سیستولی 61/0±21/13 و دیاستولی 33/0±65/8 میلی‌متر جیوه) به روش در دسترس انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی به دو گروه تمرینCRT  (12نفر) و کنترل (12نفر) تقسیم شدند. مداخله شامل 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای، با تواتر 3 جلسه در هفته و هر جلسه به مدت 50 تا 60 دقیقه (15 دقیقه گرم کردن، 30 دقیقه کار با وزنه، 10 دقیقه سرد کردن) بود. حرکات مقاومتی با شدت 40 درصد 1RM برای حرکات بالاتنه و 60 درصد 1RM برای حرکات پایین‌تنه اجرا شد. اندازه‌گیری‌ها و نمونه‌گیری خونی پیش و پس از 8 هفته تمرین انجام گرفت. داده‌ها از طریق آزمون‌های شاپیروویلک و آزمون تحلیل واریانس با طرح 2×2 در سطح معناداری 05/0˂P تحلیل شدند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که 8 هفته تمرین مقاومتی دایره‌ای بر درصد چربی بدن (007/0=P)، نسبت کمر به لگن (017/0=P)، فشار خون سیستولی (000/0=P)، دیاستولی (016/0=P)، و مقاومت به انسولین (043/0=P)، اثر معناداری دارد، ولی در سایتوکاین‌های التهابی IL-1β و TNF-α معنادار نبوده است (05/0 ≤P)، علت می‌تواند نوع تمرین انتخابی باشد. تمرینات بسته به شدت، تواتر و طول دوره می‌توانند به میزان متفاوتی بر سطوح سایتوکاین‌های التهابی تأثیر بگذارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of eight weeks circuit resistance training on Interleukin-1β, TNF-α and blood pressure in pre-hypertensive obese women.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hengameh Moradian 1
  • Sedigheh Hossein pour delavar 2
  • Ali Zabet 3

1 PhD candidate of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of physical education, Kermanshah branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Kermanshah branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah , Iran

3 Assistant professor, Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Kangavar branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of eight weeks Circuit Resistance Training (CRT) on some inflammatory cytokines, blood pressure and insulin resistance in pre-hypertensive obese women. For this purpose, 24 pre-hypertensive obese women (mean age: 44.73±4.43 years, body mass index: 32.39±3.8 kg/m2, systolic: 13.21±0.61 mmHg and diastolic: 8.65±0.33 mmHg blood pressure levels), were conveniently selected and randomly divided into CRT training (n=12) and Control (n=12) groups. The intervention consisted of 8 weeks of circuit resistance training, with a frequency of 3 sessions per week, and each session lasted 50 to 60 minutes (15 minutes of warm-up, 30 minutes of weight training, and 10 minutes of cooling). Resistance trainings were performed with an intensity of 40% 1RM for upper body and 60% 1RM for lower body movements. Measurements and blood sampling were done pre and post 8 weeks of training. Data were analyzed using Shapiro-Wilks and analysis of variance with a 2×2 design at a significance level of p˂0.05. The results showed that 8 weeks of CRT have significant effects on body fat percent (p=0.007), Waist to Hip Ratio (p=0.017), systolic (p<0.0005) and diastolic (p=0.016) blood pressure and insulin resistance (p=0.043). However, it was not significant in the inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and TNF-α (P ≤ 0.05). The reason could be the type of exercise selected. Depending on the intensity, frequency and duration of the training, they can affect the levels of inflammatory cytokines to a different extent.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Circuit resistance training
  • Interleukin-1 beta
  • pre-hypertension
  • tumor Necrosis factor alpha
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