تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات HIIT بر عوامل التهابی پسران نوجوان دارای اضافه‌وزن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دورۀ دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز،تبریز، ایران

چکیده

چاقی از مهم‌ترین چالش‌های بهداشت عمومی قرن حاضر است که سبب افزایش سطوح پلاسمایی سایتوکین‌های التهابی و کاهش عوامل ضدالتهابی و آنتی آتروژنیک می‌شود. احتمالاً تمرینات تناوبی با شدت بالا بتوانند این تأثیرات مخرب را متوقف یا معکوس کنند. ازاین‌رو هدف از مطالعۀ حاضر بررسی تأثیر 8 هفته تمرینات تناوبی بر عوامل التهابی پسران نوجوان دارای اضافه‌وزن است. در یک طرح تحقیقی نیمه‌تجربی از میان پسران نوجوان دارای اضافه‌وزن (18-13 سال، میانگین قد 33/154 سانتی‌متر، میانگین شاخص تودۀ بدنی 05/27 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع)، 30 نفر به‌صورت داوطلبانه در 3 گروه 10 نفره شامل گروه تمرین تناوبی کوتاه‌مدت (9 وهلۀ 30 ثانیه‌ای، 100تا 110 درصد حداکثر سرعت با 150 ثانیه استراحت)، طولانی‌مدت (4 وهلۀ 150 ثانیه‌ای، 90 تا 95 درصد حداکثر سرعت با 240 ثانیه استراحت) و گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند. 48 ساعت قبل از شروع و بعد از اتمام پروتکل ورزشی، وزن، قد، شاخص تودۀ بدنی و درصد چربی به‌وسیلۀ دستگاه تعیین ترکیب بدنی اندازه‌گیری و نمونه‌های خونی برای تعیین شاخص‌های اینترلوکین-6، اینترلوکین 10 و پروتئین واکنشی C اخذ شد. نتایج نشان داد 8 هفته تمرین تناوبی با شدت بالا موجب افزایش اینترلوکین 10 و کاهش پروتئین واکنشی C می‌شود. اما بر اینترلوکین-6 تأثیر معناداری ندارد. همچنین مشخص شد بین دو نوع تمرین کوتاه‌مدت و بلندمدت HIIT هیچ تفاوتی در تأثیرگذاری بر شاخص‌های مدنظر وجود ندارد. براساس یافته‌ها می‌توان گفت نوجوانان دارای اضافه‌وزن یا چاق احتمالاً بتوانند با استفاده از تمرینات HIIT سیستم ضدالتهابی خویش را با افزایش اینترلوکین-6 و کاهش پروتئین واکنشی C تقویت کنند. اما برای تعیین اثر این تمرینات بر اینترلوکین 6 به مطالعات بیشتری نیاز است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of 8 Weeks of HIIT on Inflammatory Factors in Overweight Adolescent Boys

نویسندگان [English]

  • javad vakilii 1
  • vahid sari saraf 1
  • Tohid Khanvari 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Obesity is one of the most important public health challenges of the present century, which increases the plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines and decreases anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic agents. High intensity interval training may be able to stop or reverse these destructive effects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of interval training on inflammatory factors in overweight adolescent boys. In a quasi-experimental research project, from overweight adolescent boys (13-18 years old, mean height 154.33 cm, mean body mass index 27.05 kg/m2), 30 subjects were voluntarily assigned to 3 groups (10 subjects each group): short-term interval training (nine 30-second bouts, 100 to 110% of maximum speed with 150 seconds of rest), long-term (four 150-second bouts, 90 to 95% of maximum speed with 240 seconds of rest) and control. 48 hours before the beginning and the end of the training protocol, weight, height, body mass index and fat percentage were measured by a body composition apparatus and blood samples were collected to determine the interleukin-6, interleukin-10 and C-reactive protein indices. The results showed that 8 weeks of high intensity interval training increased interleukin-10 and decreased C-reactive protein. But it had no significant effect on interleukin-6. It was also found that there were no differences between short-term and long-term HIIT in influencing the desired indicators. Based on these findings, it can be said that overweight or obese adolescents may be able to use HIIT to boost their anti-inflammatory system by increasing interleukin-6 and decreasing C-reactive protein. But more studies are needed to determine the effect of this training on interleukin-6.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • C-reactive protein
  • high intensity interval training
  • Interleukin-6
  • interleukin-10
  • overweigh
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