تاثیر پروتکل تمرین نظارت شده در خانه بر شاخص های قلبی تنفسی و عملکرد بدنی جانبازان استان مازندران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی ، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

2 استاد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، ایران

چکیده

چکیده
استرس زندگی روزمره و بی تحرکی سالمندی بر دستگاه قلبی عروقی اثرگذار است. هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسى تاثیر پروتکل تمرین نظارت شده در خانه(HBME) بر شاخص های قلبی تنفسی و عملکرد بدنی جانبازان استان مازندران بود. بعلاوه، ارتباط Vo2peak حاصل از بروس اصلاح شده و راکپورت با حاصلضرب دوگانه و پالس اکسیژن نیز بررسی شد. 120نفر از جانبازان 49-25 درصد ترومایی بطور تصادفی به گروههای مداخله ورزشی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. برنامه تمرینات هوازی و مقاومتی به مدت 8 هفته و به ترتیب 4 و 2 روز در هفته در خانه اجرا گردید. شاخص های قلبی عروقی (Vo2peak بروس و راکپورت، فشار خون، ضربان قلب، حاصلضرب دوگانه و پالس اکسیژن) و عملکرد بدنی (قدرت اندام فوقانی و تحتانی، تعادل و انعطاف پذیری) با استفاده از آزمون های میدانی و آزمایشگاهی در ابتدا و انتهای دوره تحقیق اندازه گیری شدند. داده با استفاده از t تست و همبستگی پیرسون تحلیل شد. اجرای 8 هفته تمرین ترکیبی نظارت شده در خانه منجر به بهبود معنی دار مقادیر VO2 بروس، راکپورت، قدرت بالاتنه و پایین تنه، تعادل، انعطاف پذیری و حاصلضرب دوگانه گروه تمرینی در مقایسه با پیش آزمون شد (001/0≥ p). بعلاوه، همبستگی منفی بالا و معنی داری بین VO2 بروس و راکپورت با پالس اکسیژن وجود دارد (مقدار r به ترتیب برابر است با 926/0- و 335/0-). اجرای پروتکل تمرینی نظارت شده در خانه از طریق بهبود آمادگی قلبی تنفسی و عضلانی ممکن است باعث کاهش استرس میوکارد و همینطور ارتقای عملکرد بدنی و کیفیت زندگی در جانبازان می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of home-based monitored exercise protocol on cardio-respiratory parameters and physical activity of veterans of Mazandaran province

نویسندگان [English]

  • hossein rohi 1
  • Valiollah Dabidi Roshan 2
1 PhD Student, Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
چکیده [English]

Aim: The stress of everyday life and aging inefficiency affect the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of home-based monitored exercise protocol (HBME) on cardio respiratory parameters and physical function of veterans of Mazandaran province. In addition, the correlation between Vo2peak and modified Bruce and Rockport was investigated by dual product and pulse oxygen.

Methodology: 120 veterans were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. Aerobic and resistance training programs were performed at home for 8 weeks and 4 and 2 days respectively. Cardiovascular Indices (Vo2peak Bruce and Rockport, Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, Dual Produce, and Pulse Oxygen) and Physical Function (Upper and Lower Strength, Balance and Flexibility) by field and laboratory tests at the beginning and the end The research period was measured. Data was analyzed using ANOVA, t-test and Pearson correlation.

Results: Implementation of 8 weeks of home-based training resulted in significant improvement in Bruce VO2, Rockport, upper and lower trunk strength, balance, flexibility and duality of the training group compared to the pre-test. (p≥0,001). In addition, there is a significant and significant negative correlation between the Bruce VO2 and the Rockport with the Pulse Oxygen. (r = -0.926, r = -0.335), (p≥ 0.000) (p <0.002).

Conclusion: Performing synergistic aerobic and homeopathic exercises through improving cardio respiration and muscular fitness may reduce myocardial stress and also improve physical activity and quality of life in veterans

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Oxygen pulse
  • Home-based exercise
  • dual product
  • Performance
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