تأثیر خوردن دو کربوهیدرات با GI متفاوت و گلوتامین بر مقادیر کراتین کیناز و زمان واماندگی در زنان فعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 .کارشناسی ارشد،گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی تهران،تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی تأثیر خوردن دو کربوهیدرات با GI متفاوت وگلوتامین بر مقادیر ایزوآنزیمهای کراتین کیناز
و زمان واماندگی در زنان فعال انجام گرفت. آزمودنیهای این پژوهش 40 دانشجو با میانگین سنی 4 / 3 ± 82 / 24 سال و
قد 1 / 5 ± 25 / 165 سانتیمتر، داوطلبانه انتخاب شدند و در چهار گروه شاخصگلیسمی کم و گلوتامین، شاخص گلیسمی
زیاد و گلوتامین، گروه گلوتامین و گروه دارونما تصادفی قرار گرفتند. بنابراین برای شاخص گلیسمی پایین، عدس ) 135
– 130gr ( و شاخص گلیسمی بالا، سیبزمینی ) 175 – 170 gr (، گلوتامین مصرفی برای هر سه گروه به مقدار
g/KgBW 5 / 0 محلول در 250 سیسی آب و دارونما نیز همین میزان استفاده شد. نمونهگیری خون قبل و بعد از آزمون
بروس انجام گرفت. تجزیهوتحلیل یافتهها با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس اندازهگیری مکرر و یکراهه با آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی
در سطح معناداری 05 / 0 ≥ α انجام پذیرفت. نتایج نشان داد خوردن کربوهیدرات با شاخص گلیسمی متفاوت و گلوتامین
تأثیر معناداری بر مقادیر CK total و CK MB ندارد، ولی گلوتامین تنها نسبت به گروه کربوهیدرات با شاخص گلیسمی
کم مانع از افزایش مقدار CK MM شد و خوردن کربوهیدرات با شاخصگلیسمی متفاوت و گلوتامین مدت زمان فعالیت
تا واماندگی را افزایش داد. بنابراین میتوان استفاده از کربوهیدرات با شاخص گلیسمی متفاوت و گلوتامین، گلوتامین تنها
برای افزایش زمان فعالیت و کاهش آسیب سلولی توصیه کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of two different GI carbohydrates and Glutamine usage on Creatine kinase and the exhaustion time in active women

نویسندگان [English]

  • monireh naghdi pari 1
  • Majid Kashef 2
  • Abas Ali Gaeeni 3
1 M.Sc., Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to defining effect of two different GIcarbohydrates and Glutamine usage on Creatine kinase and the exhaustion time in active female subjects. For this purpose 40 subjects with the average age of 24.82 3.4 year, the height of 165.25 5.1 cm were participated voluntary in this study. Subjects were divided into 4 groups of carbohydrate with low glycemic and glutamine,carbohydrate with high glycemic and glutamine, glutamine and placebo groups randomly. lentil was used as carbohydrate with low glycemic, and potato as high glycemic food and the consumed glutamine for each three groups with the amount of 0.5 g/kg BW in solution form in water and placebo.Blood samples was collected before and after laboratory Bruce test.For allP

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Creatine Kinase
  • Glutamine
  • Exhaustion
  • glycemic index
  • Bruse
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