اثر سه نوع برنامۀ تمرینی مقاومتی (پلایومتریک با و بدون انسداد عروق و قدرتی-توانی) بر عوامل آمادگی‌ حرکتی منتخب دختران ورزشکار

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 استادیار، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

چکیده

 
هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثر سه نوع برنامۀ تمرینی مقاومتی بر آمادگی ­جسمانی دختران بود. 30 دختر به سه گروه تمرین پلایومتریک با انسداد عروق، تمرین پلایومتریک بدون انسداد عروق و تمرین قدرتی-توانی تقسیم شدند. تمرینات شش هفته اجرا شد. پیش و پس از تمرینات آزمون­های آمادگی جسمانی به­عمل آمد. داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون آنالیز واریانس یکطرفه تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد.نتایج حاکی از افزایش معنا­دار سرعت، توان انفجاری و چابکی در هر سه گروه­ تمرینی بود.افزایش سرعت در گروه تمرین پلایومتریک با انسداد عروق (8/16درصد) نسبت به گروه تمرین پلایومتریک بدون انسداد عروق (6/9درصد) و تمرین قدرتی- توانی (3/7درصد) تفاوت معنا­داری داشت. توان انفجاری دو گروه تمرینی پلایومتریک (7/18 درصد در گروه بدون انسداد و 18 درصد در گروه با انسداد) نسبت به گروه تمرین قدرتی-توانی (6/4درصد) تفاوت معنا­داری داشت. در چابکی در دو گروه تمرینات پلایومتریک (7/6 درصد در گروه با انسداد و 5/6 درصد در گروه بدون انسداد) نسبت به گروه قدرتی-توانی (3 درصد) تفاوت معنا­داری مشاهده شد. اما در تعادل و توان بی­هوازی بین سه گروه تفاوت معنا­داری مشاهده نشد. بنابراین می­توان گفت تمرینات پلایومتریک (چه با انسداد و چه بدون انسداد) نسبت به تمرینات قدرتی-توانی، تأثیر بیشتری بر سرعت، توان انفجاری و چابکی دختران ورزشکار دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Three Types of Resistance Training Program (Plyometric with/without Vascular Occlusion and Power-Resistance Training) on Selected Physical Fitness Factors in Female Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mojdeh Mohammadi Joneid Abad 1
  • Seyed Ali Reza Hosseini-Kakhk 2
  • Roya Askari 3
1 MSc Student, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of three types of resistance training program on girls' physical fitness. 30 girls were divided into 3 groups: plyometric training with vascular occlusion (PLO), plyometric training without vascular occlusion (PL) and power-resistance training (PR). Training programs were conducted for six weeks. Physical fitness tests were conducted before and after the training programs. The data were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance. The results indicated a significant increase in speed, explosive power and agility in all three groups. Increased speed in PLO (16.8%) had a significant difference compared with the PL (9.6%) and PR (7.3%). Explosive power in plyometric training groups (18.7 % in PL group and 18% in PLO group) had a significant difference compared with PR (4.6%). There was a significant difference in agility in PLO and PL groups (6.7% in PLO and 6.5% in PL group) compared to PR (3%). But, there were no significant differences among the three training groups in balance and anaerobic power. The plyometric training (either PLO or PL) had greater effects on speed, explosive power and agility in female athletes compared with PR training.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • agility
  • plyometric training
  • power
  • speed
  • vascular occlusion
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