مقایسه پاسخ های هورمونی به دو نوع تمرین مقاومتی با و بدون محدودیت جریان خون

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

2 کارشناس‌ارشد تربیت بدنی، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه حکیم سبزواری، سبزوار، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشگاه رازی کرمانشاه، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر، مقایسۀ پاسخ­های هورمونی به دو نوع تمرین مقاومتی با و بدون محدودیت جریان خون بود. به این منظور چهارده دانشجوی دختر در یک طرح تحقیق متقاطع شرکت کردند. آزمودنی­ها در سه هفتۀ متوالی و به­طور تصادفی، در سه حالت کنترل، تمرین مقاومتی سنتی و تمرین مقاومتی همراه با محدودیت جریان خون شرکت کردند. تمرین شامل سه حرکت باز شدن زانو، پرس پا و هاک پا در چهار ست بود. نمونه­های خونی قبل، بلافاصله و نیم ساعت پس از تمرین گرفته شد. برای تحلیل داده­ها از آنالیز واریانس با اندازه­گیری مکرر استفاده شد. سطح معنا­داری 05/0 P< در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد هر دو نوع تمرین موجب افزایش معنا­دار لاکتات بلافاصله پس از ورزش شد؛ اما در مقادیر تستوسترون، هورمون رشد، کورتیزول و انسولین تفاوت معنا­داری بین گروه­ها وجود نداشت. این مطالعه تا حدودی از سودمندی و اثربخشی تمرینات مقاومتی همراه با انسداد جریان خون حمایت می­کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of hormonal responses to strength training with and without blood flow restriction

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Ali Reza Hosseini Kakhk 1
  • Parvin Zamand 2
  • Amir Hossein Haghighi 1
  • Mitra Khademosharie 3
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
2 MSc in Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
3 PhD Student of Exercise Physiology, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of study was the comparison of hormonal responses to resistance training with and without blood flow restriction. 14 girl students took part in a crossover design study. The subjects in 3 successive weeks randomly assigned in 3 states: control (Con), traditional strength training (TST) and strength training with blood flow restriction (STR). Exercise was included leg extension, leg press and leg hack 4 sets. Blood sample was taken before, immediately, and 0.5 hour after exercise. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance. The test significance level was taken as p

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • girls
  • hormonal responses
  • Blood flow restriction
  • traditional strength training
  1. Abe T, Yasuda T, Midorikawa T, Sato Y, Kearns CF, Inoue K, et al. (2005). "Skeletal muscle size and circulating IGF-1 are increased after two weeks of twice daily Kaatsu resistance training". Int J Kaatsu Training Res. 1: PP: 7–14.
  2. ACSM´s health-related physical fitness assessment manual. (2008). 2nd edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  3. ACSM 'sguidelines forexercise testingand prescription(2007). 7th edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins,
  4. Black LE, Swan PD, Alvar BA. (2010). "Effects of intensity and volume on insulin sensitivity during acute bouts of resistance training". J Strength Cond Res. 24(4), PP:1109-16.
  5. BirdP, Kyle M. Tarpenning and Frank E. Marino.( 2005). "Designing resistance training programmes to enhance muscular fitness". J Sports Med. 35 (10): 841-851

 

  1. Copeland JL, Consitt LA, Tremblay MS. (2002). "Hormonal responses to endurance and resistance exercise in females aged 19–69 years". Journal of Gerontology: biological sciences. 57(4), PP: B158–B165
  2. Fujita S, Abe T, Drummond MJ, Cadenas JG, Dreyer HC٫ et al. (2007)".Blood flow restriction during low-intensity resistance exercise increases S6K1 phosphorylation and muscle protein synthesis". J Appl Physiol.103: PP: 903–910.
  3. Goto K, Ishii N, Kizuka T, Takamatsu K. (2005). "The impact of metabolic stress on hormonal responses and muscular adaptations". Med Sci Sports Exerc.37: PP: 955–963.
  4. Karabulut M, Abe T, Sato Y, Bemben M.)2007)."Overview of neuromuscular adaptations of skeletal muscle to KAATSU Training". Int. J. KAATSU Training Res.3: PP: 1-9.
  5. Kawada S. (2005). "What phenomena do occur in blood flow-restricted muscle?" Int J Kaatsu Training Res. 1: PP: 37–44.
  6. Kawada SH, Ishii N. (2005). "Skeletal muscle hypertrophy after chronic restriction of venous blood flow in rats". Med Sci Sports Exerc. 37(7), PP: 1144-1150.
  7. Kraemer WJ, Ratamess N. (2005). "Hormonal responses and adaptations to resistance exercise and training". Sports Med. 35: PP: 339–361.
  8. Kraemer WJ, Sraron RS, Hagerman FC, Hikida RS, Fry AC, Gordon SE, et al. (1998).  "The effects of short-term resistance training on endocrine function in men and women". Eur J ApplphysiolOccup physiol. 78(1): PP: 69-79.
  9. Lemmer JT, Hurlbut DE, Martel GF, Tracy BL, Ivey FM, Metter EJ, et al. (2004)."Age and gender responses to strength training and detraining". Med Sci Sports Exerc. 32(8): PP: 1505-1512.
  10. Lianne MK, Lauren A, Weiss SW, Graves RP, Gordon H, Williams MA,
     et al. (2005)."Sex differences in the genetic basis of morning serum cortisol levels: genome-wide screen identifies two novel loci specific to women". J ClinEndocrin& Met. 90(8): PP: 1-12.
  11. Liu T, Kuo C, Wang PS. (2009) "Exercise and testosterone". Adapt Med. 1(1): PP: 26-31.
  12. Loenneke JP and Pujol TJ. (2009). "The use of occlusion training to produce muscle hypertrophy". Strength and Conditioning Journal. 3: PP: 112-118.
  13. Loenneke JP, Kearney ML, Thrower RD, Collins S, Pujol TJ. (2010)."The acute response of practical occlusion in the knee extensors". J Strength Cond Res. 24(10): PP: 2831-2834.
  14. LaurentinoG,UgrinowitschC,AiharaAY,FernandesAR,ParcellAC,RicardM,TricoliV.( 2008).”Effectsofstrengthtrainingandvascularocclusion”.IntJ SportsMed:DOI:10.1055/s-2007–989405.
  15. Madaram H, Sasaki K, Ishii N. (2010). "Endocrine responses to upper-and lower-limb resistance exercises with blood flow restriction". Physiol Hung. 97(2): 192-200.
  16. Madarame H, Neya M, Ochi E, Nakazato K, Sato Y, Ishii N. (2008)."Crosstransfer effects of resistance training with blood flow restriction". Med Sci Sports Exerc. 40: 258–263.
  17. Manini TM and Clark BC. (2009). "Blood flow restricted exercise and skeletal muscle health". Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev. 37(2): PP: 78-85.
  18. Marcinik EJ, Potts J, Schlabach G, Will S, Dawson P, Hurley BF. (1991). "Effects of strength training on lactate threshold and endurance performance". Med Sci Sports Exercise. 23(6): PP: 739-743.
  19. Masterippier D, Baran NM, Sapienza P, Zingales L. (2010)." Between- and within- sex variation in hormonal responses to psychological stress in a large sample of college students".Stress. 13(5): PP: 413-24.
  20. McGuingan MR, Alison DE, Foster C. (2004)." Salivary cortisol responses and perceived exertion during high intensity and low intensity bouts of resistance exercise". J Sports Med. 3: PP: 8-15.
  21. Moore DR, Burgomaster KA, Schofield LM, Gibala MJ, Sale DG, Phillips SM. (2004)."Neuromuscular adaptations in human muscle following low intensity resistance training with vascular occlusion". Eur J Appl Physiol. 92: PP: 399-406.
  22. Nakajima T, Kurano M, Iida H, Takano H, Oonuma H, Morita T, et al. (2006)."Use and safety of KAATSU training: results of a national survey". Int J Kaatsu Training Res. 2: PP: 5–14.
  23. Patricia A, Deuster JS, Petride SA, Edward BL, Geotge P, et al. (1998)." High intensity exercise promotes escape of adrenocorticotropin and cortisol from suppression by dexamethasone: sexually dimorphic responses". Journal of ClinEndocrin Met. 83(9): PP: 3332-3338.
  24. Pullinen T, Mero A, Huttunen P, Pakarinen A, and Komi PA. (2002). "Resistance exercise-induced hormonal responses in men, women, and pubescent boys". Med Sci Sports Exerc. 34(5): PP: 806–813.
  25. Reeves G, Kraemer R, Hollander D, Clavier J, Thomas C, Francois M, et al. (2006)."Comparison of hormone responses following light resistance exercise with partial vascular occlusion and moderately difficult resistance exercise without occlusion". J Appl Physiol. 101: PP: 1616–1622.
  26. Sato Y. (2005)."The history and future of KAATSU Training". Int. J. KAATSU Training Res. 1: PP: 1-5.
  27. Suga T, Okita K, Morita N, Yokoto T, Hirabayashi K, et al. (2009)." Intramuscularmetabolism during low-intensity resistance exercise with blood flow restriction". J Appl physiol. 106: PP: 1119-1124.
  28. Sumide T, Sakuraba K, Ohmura H, Tamura Y. (2009)." Effect of resistance exercise training combined with relatively low vascular occlusion". J Sci Med Sport. 12: 107-112.
  29. Sundell J. (2011)."Resistance training is an effective tool against metabolic and frailty syndromes". Advances in Preventive Medicine. PP:1-7
  30. Takano H, Morita T, Iida H, Asada K, Kato M, Uno K, et al. (2005). "Homodynamic and hormonal responses to a short-term low-intensity resistance exercise with the reduction of muscle blood flow". Eur J Appl Physiol. 95(1): PP: 65-73.
  31. Takarada Y, Nakamura Y, Aruga S, Onda T, Miyazaki S, Ishii N. (2000)." Rapid increase in plasma growth hormone after low-intensity resistance exercise with vascular occlusion". J Appl Physiol. 88: PP: 61–65.
  32. TakaradaY, Sato Y, Ishii N. (2002)."Effects of resistance exercise combined with vascular occlusion on muscle function in athletes". Eur J ApplPhysiol. 86:308–314.
  33. Uchida M C, Pereira Bacurau RF, Navarro F, Pontes Jr FL, Tessuti VD. (2004).               " Alteration of testosterone: cortisol ratio induced by resistance training in women". Rev Bras Med Esporte. 10(3): PP:169-172
  34. Wernbom M, Augustsson J, Raastad T. (2008)." Ischemic strength training a low-load alternative to heavy resistance exercise?" Scand J Med Sci Sports. 18: PP: 401–416.
  35. Wernbom M, Jarrebring R, Andreasson MA, and Augustsson J. (2009)."Acute effects of blood flow restriction on muscle activity and endurance during fatiguing dynamic knee extensions at low load". J Strength Cond Res. 23(8): PP: 23389-2395.
  36. Wideman L, Weltman J, Hartman ML, Veldhuis JD, Weltman A. (2002). "Growth hormone (GH) release during acute and chronic aerobic and resistance exercise: Recent Findings". Spotrs Med. 32(15): 987-1004.
  37. Yang RC, Mack GW, Wolfe RR, and Nadel ER. (1998). "Albumin synthesis after intense intermittent exercise in human subjects". J Appl Physiol. 84(2): PP: 584-592.