مقایسۀ میزان سروتونین سرمی و برخی از فاکتورهای آمادگی جسمانی سالمندان فعال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس‌ارشد تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 . دکتری تخصصی فیزیولوژی ورزش، دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر مقایسۀ میزان سروتونین سرمی و برخی از فاکتورهای آمادگی جسمانی سالمندان فعال شهر قم بود. نمونۀ آماری را مردان سالمند بالای 60 سال شهر قم تشکیل می‌دادند که در گروه‌های تمرین هوازی (15 نفر)، کار با وزنه (15 نفر)، ورزش زورخانه‌ای (15 نفر) و کنترل (15 نفر) قرار گرفتند. برای سنجش آمادگی جسمانی چهار عامل تعادل (تست تعادل تک‌پا)، استقامت عضلانی (شنا روی دست)، انعطاف‌پذیری (آزمون انعطاف ولز) و توان (پرش سارجنت) بررسی شد. سطح سروتونین خون به روش الایزا در آزمودنی‌ها اندازه‌گیری و از آزمون آماری آنالیز واریانس یکطرفه در سطح معناداری 05/0P< استفاده شد. نتایج حاکی از آن بود که سطوح سروتونین خون در گروه‌های فعال نسبت به گروه کنترل بالاتر بود (05/0P<)، اما گروه‌های فعال در سطح سروتونین خون تفاوت معناداری نشان ندادند (05/0P>). میزان آمادگی جسمانی در افراد فعال در مقایسه با افراد گروه کنترل بهتر بود. علاوه‌بر این، گروه کار با وزنه در آزمون‌های تعادل و استقامت عضلانی سطح بهتری از آمادگی را نشان دادند (05/0P<). با توجه به نتایج می‌توان گفت که تمرین ورزشی به‌ویژه تمرین با وزنه می‌تواند تأثیر بسزایی بر افزایش میزان سروتونین سرمی و آمادگی جسمانی سالمندان داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparison of Serum Serotonin Level and Some Physical Fitness Factors in Active Elderly

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farnaz Torabi 1
  • Azar Aghayari 1
  • Mohammad Daneshpour 2
  • Akram Ramezankhani 3
1 Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc in Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD in Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to compare the serum serotonin level and some physical fitness factors in the active elderly in Qom city. The sample comprised of male elderly over 60 years old in Qom city who were assigned to aerobic (n=15), weight training (n=15), zurkhaneh (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. In order to assess physical fitness, 4 factors including balance (single leg balance test), muscle endurance (swimming on hand), flexibility (Wells flexibility test) and power (Sargent jump) were studied. Blood serotonin was measured with ELISA test. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA (P<0.05). The results showed that serum serotonin levels were higher in active groups than control group (P<0.05) but there were no significant differences in blood serotonin level among active groups (P>0.05). The level of physical fitness in active subjects was better than the control group. In addition, weight training group showed a higher level of fitness in balance and muscle endurance tests (P<0.05). With regard to the results, it can be noted that sport especially weight training can have a significant effect on increasing serum serotonin level and physical fitness in the elderly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aerobic exercise
  • Elderly
  • physical fitness
  • resistance training
  • serotonin
  • zurkhaneh
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