Document Type : Research Paper I Open Access I Released under CC BY-NC 4.0 license


1 Exercise Physiology, Psychology, Ardebil mohaghagh ardabili, ardabili

2 Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabili

3 Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education, Tehran University, Tehran


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of aerobic training and supplementation of saffron with two weeks of detraining on some of the indicators associated with diabetes in obese women with type 2 diabetes. For this purpose, 48 type 2 diabetic obese women were randomly divided into four equal groups (Training, Supplement, Supplements+Training, placebo). The Training, Supplements+Training groups performed aerobic training with intensity of 60-75% of maximal heart rate for 8 weeks (three sessions per week). Daily dose of 400 mg of Saffron sprout powder (once a day) was used for two months. The placebo contained 400 mg of wheat flour. Blood sampling was done after 12 hours of fasting. Adiponectin, resinsin, insulin, glucose and HOMA-IR variables were tested. Data analysis was performed using Shapiro-Wilk test, variance analysis with repeated measures, Bonferron's post hoc test, and one way analysis of variance with LSD post-test. Eight weeks of aerobic training and supplement consumption alone have a significant effect on the indicators related to type 2 diabetes. However, oral consumption of supplement with aerobic exercise has more effects on controlling these indices.


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