A Comparison of Nerve Conduction Velocity of Dominant and Non-Dominant Lower Limb in Athletes and Non-Athletes

Document Type : Research Paper


1 MSc in Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Mashhad Branch, Iran

2 Assistant Professor and Faculty Member, Sport Sciences Research Institute, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD Student in Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran


The aim of this study was to compare nerve conduction velocity (NCV) of lower limb in 3 groups (each group 8 subjects): soccer players (SOC), mid-endurance runners (MR), endurance runners (ER) and a control group (C) with the age range of 21-26. To evaluate electroneurography parameters and conduction velocity of each subject, separate peripheral nerve test with the electroneurography system (ENG) was performed. For data analysis, analysis of variance was used to compare mean nerve conduction velocity in dominant and non-dominant limbs of all groups and Tukey post hoc test was used in case of a difference among the groups. The results for both DL and NDL reported significant differences between MR and ER (P=0) (P=0) and between SOC and ER (P=0) (P=0). Also, there were significant differences between MR and C (P=0.002) (P=0.002) and between SOC and C (P=0) (P=0.013). In terms of the differences of DL and NDL, a significant difference was observed only in SOC (P=0.04). Based on the present study, it can be stated that probably nerve conduction of lower limb of athletes has developed mostly in higher intensity sports and it may be related to their similar energy systems. Also, dominant leg and a concentration on this leg is higher in training patterns of changing environment than mere endurance fields with constant environmental stimuli


1.Ache-Dias JDellagrana RATeixeira ASDal Pupo JMoro AR (2016). “Effect of jumping interval training on neuromuscular and physiological parameters: a randomized controlled study”. Appl Physiol Nutr metab. Jan;41(1):20-5.
2.Alkjaer TMeyland JRaffalt PCLundbye-Jensen JSimonsen EB (2013). “Neuromuscular adaptations to 4 weeks of intensive drop jump training in well-trained athletes”. Physiol Rep. Oct;1(5)
3.Behrens MMau-Moeller ABruhn S (2014). “Effect of plyometric training on neural and mechanical properties of the knee extensor muscles” . Int J Sports Med. Feb;35(2):101-19.
4.Bernardi M, Solomonow M, Baratta RV (1997) . “Motor unit recruitment strategy of antagonist muscle pair during linearly increasing contraction”. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 37: 3–12. PMID: 9063656
5.Blomfield, G. TR, Auckland BC (2003). “Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sports”. Fardanesh Pajohan Publications. 134-36
6.Borges L, leitão W, Ferreira J, Carvalho L (2013). “Measurement of motore nerve conduction velocity in three different sports”. Rev Bras Med Esporte – Vol. 19, No 5
7.Byl C., Puttlitz C., Byl N., Lotz J., topp K (2002). “Strain in the median and ulnar nerves during upperextremity positioning. J”. Hand. Surg. Am., 27: 1032-1040,
8.Çolak T, Bamaç B, Gönener A, Özbek A, Budak F (2005). “Comparison of nerve conduction velocities of lower extremities between runners and controls”. J Sci Med Sport;8:403-10.
9.Damirchi A, Mohebi H, Hosseyni S A (2007). “The effect of isotonic exercises on the electroneurography parameters and voluntary contraction maximum in athletes”. Olampic quartery IR, N 3, P 29
10.Deschenes MRSherman EGRoby MAGlass EKHarris MB (2015). “Effect of resistance training on neuromuscular junctions of young and aged muscles featuring different recruitment patterns”. J Neurosci Res. Mar;93(3):504-13.
11.Elam rP (1987). “Body fat and its relationship to tibial nerve conduction velocity in a specific population”. JOSPT;8:495-7.
12.Enoka RM (1988). “Muscle strength and its development new receptive”. Sport Med, 6(3), pp: 140-68
13.”Ganong's review of Medical Physiology”. 23rd edition. p. 295
14.Hammet, J.B. : T.H. willam (2003) . “neuromuscular adaptation to short-term(4weeks) ballistic training in trained higth school athletes”. J.strength & conditioning research, 17(3):556-560
15.Hortobayyi, T : N.J. lombert & J.P. hill (1997). “greater cross education following training with muscle lengthening than shortening”. Med. Sci. Sport Exerc, 29, 107-112
16.Hosseyni S.D. (2002) . “The effect of plyometric trainings on the electroneurography and electromyography parameters in the athletes”.Tarbiat Modares University of iran, faculty of Humanities. MS Thesis.
17.Hoyle rJ, Holt lE (1983). “Comparison of athletes and non-athletes on selected neuromuscular tests”. Aust J Sport Sci;3:13-18.
18.Hung J.W : chia W.L: pei W.W : shu H.Y : lin L.W (2009). “effect of 12-week tai chi chuan exercise on peripheral eripheral nerve mo ripheral nerve modulation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus”. Kor Diab. 34(2); 101-10.
19.Kamen GTaylor PBeehler PJ (1984). “Ulnar and posterior tibial nerve conduction velocity in athletes”. Int J Sports Med. 1984 Feb;5(1):26-30.
20.Karlsson JS, Ostlund N, Larsson B, Gerdle B (2003). “An estimation of the influence of force decrease on the mean power spectral frequency shift of the EMG during repetitive maximum dynamic knee extensions”. J Electromyogr Kinesiol 13: 461–468. PMID: 12932420
21.lastovka M (1969). “The conduction velocity of the peripheral motor nerves and physical training”. Act Nerve Super;11:308.
22.Mahaly Z (2013). “The effect of thi chi exercises on the nerves conduction velocity of lower organs related to female patients with multiple sclerosis”. Ferdowsi publication, MSc thesis.
23.Nemati karimavi, H.A. seyed nouzadi, S.M. hasanabadi, H (2006). “the effect of exercise on posterior tibial nerve conduction velocity”. Iranian journal of neurology.5(2).66-75
24.Oh SJ (2003). “Clinical electromyography: nerve conduction studies”. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 123-30
25.Pawlak M , Kaczmarek D (2010). “Field hockey players have different values of ulnar and tibial motor nerve conduction velocity than soccer and tennis players”. Arch Ital Biol, Dec;148(4):365-76 .J Sports Med Phys Fitness. [2012, 52(2):212-220]
26.Rajabi, H (1995).” Neural adaptations with strength trainings”. Olympic Quarterly, Third yrs, number 3, 4
27.Richard A. Schmidt (1991).” Motor learning and performance from principles to practice”. First publish, P:122-26
28.Ross A, Mechael l, riek S (2001). “Neural Influences on sprint running: training adaptations and acute responses”. Sports Med;31:409-25.
29.Sarabzadeh M, Hejazi S.M, Bordbar Azari B (2016). “Evaluate of peripheral and central nerves on training different models”. Avaye Viyana Publications. 150-155.
30.Shaikhalislami D, Behpor N, Gayini A (2006). “The effect of six month chosen resistance training on the neuromuscular parameters in elite body building athletes”. Moition journal, summer quarterly, N 28.
31.Sharma DPaudel BHKhadka RThakur DShah DKSapkota NKYadav RLYadav PK (2016). “Nerve conduction studies in lower limbs of elite Nepalese football players: an insight into neural adaptations”. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. Feb 3: 17: 124-128
32.Taipale RSMikkola JVesterinen VNummela AHäkkinen K (2013). “Neuromuscular adaptations during combined strength and endurance training in endurance runners: maximal versus explosive strength training or a mix of both”. Eur J Appl Physiol. Feb;113(2):325-35.
33.Teixeira F,d , Gonzalo R.F, Murua J.H, Bresciani G, Gutierrez A.J, Fernandez J.A (2011). “Elastic band training for multiple sclerosis patients”. J. Phys. Ther. Sci. 23: 307–311
34.Topp K.S. and Boyd B.S (2006). “Structure and biomechanics of peripheral nerves: nerve responses to physical stresses and implications for physical therapist practice”. Phys. Ther., 86: 92-109,
35.Wallace C, Winchester JB, McGuigan MR (2006). “Effects of elastic bands on force and power characteristics during the back squat exercise”. J Strength Cond Res, 20: 268–272.
36.Watanabe T , Sakakibara N , Sugimori H , Yabumoto T , Takeyama T , Takemura M , Seishima M , Matsuoka T (2012). “Effect of long-term physical exercise of peripheral nerve: comparison of nerve conduction study and ultrasonography”. J sport med phys fitness. Apr: 52(2): 212-20
37.Wei SH, Jong YJ, Chang YJ (2005). “Ulnar nerve conduction velocity in injured baseball pitchers”. Arch Phys Med rehabil;86:21-5.
38.Zion ES, De Meersman AS, Diamond DS, Bloomfield MA.(2003). “Home-based resistance-training program using elastic band for elderly patients with orthostatic hypotension”. Lin auton Res.13(4):286-92.