Document Type : Research Paper I Open Access I Released under CC BY 4.0 license

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of endurance and resistance training on some inflammatory cytokines in overweight young women. 30 overweight young women (BMI≥25) were selected and randomly divided into three groups: endurance, resistance and control. The training groups practiced for 12 weeks and 3 sessions a week. The endurance training was designed by intensity of 60-75% of the target heart rate covering a distance from 1600 to 3200 meters, and the resistance training was designed from 50-60% of one maximum repetition with 12 repetitions and 4 sets. IL-6, TNF- α, body weight, fat percentage, BMI and the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) were measured before and after 12 weeks of training. The results showed that the endurance and resistance training had a significant effect on the body weight, body fat percentage, VO2max, IL-6 and TNF-α, except for BMI (P≤0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference between the effect of the resistance and endurance training. It seems that endurance and resistance training decrease the risk of non-infectious diseases in overweight young women with a significant decrease in the inflammatory cytokines. 

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