The Comparison of the Effect of Resistance-Paddling Training and Paddling Training on Some Physiological and Performance Characteristics of Female Elite Dragon Boat Paddlers

Document Type : Research Paper



Concurrent increase in strength and endurance is one of the main factors of reaching the peak performance in paddlers. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 8 weeks of resistance-paddling training and paddling training on some physiological characteristics and performance of paddlers. 16 female dragon boat paddlers were selected purposively and divided to resistance-paddling training group (n=9) and paddling training group (n=7). Resistance-paddling group participated in padding training along with resistance training for 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week, each session 90-120 min. The paddling group performed paddling training at the same time. Upper body anaerobic power, VO2max, hand grip strength, 1-RM of bench press and paddling and 500-meter paddling performance were measured before and after 8 weeks of training. ANCOVA was used to compare changes between the two groups and the significance level was 0.05. The results showed a significant increase in upper body anaerobic power and VO2max (40% and 23% respectively) in resistance-paddling training group which was significant compared with the control group (P=0.001). Hand grip strength did not change significantly in resistance-paddling group compared with the control group (P=0.1). 1-RM of bench press and paddling increased (36% and 16% respectively) in resistance-paddling group. The time of 500-m paddling performance significantly improved in resistance-paddling group (17.5%) compared with the paddling group (P=0.02). It seems that resistance-paddling training can improve performance through increased aerobic power, anaerobic power and paddlers' strength.


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